The cervical cancer is caused by certain types of a normal virus called human papillomavirus – HPV). There are more than 100 kinds of this virus, out of which 30 types produce various diseases on the external female genitalias, in the vagina and on the cervix. About 13 types it is known that they produce changes of the cells of the mucous membrane of the low female tract. Without treatment these abnormal cells can become cancerous (uncontrollable growth of cells). They are mentioned in the connection with anus cancer, too. The virus incidence is very large. During their life 8 out of 10 women get infected by this virus. In the most of cases this virus does not strike because it will be killed by the imunity system of the individual. Everybody – both men and women – can get infected by the virus. It is easily transferred during any kind of an intimate contact in which genitals of the partners get in touch. And because the virus does not show any symptoms many people do not even know that they are infected by the virus and carry it further. More sensitive are younger women between 20 – years. If their body does not get rid of the virus (through the immune reaction in the organism) it can later on cause such abnormal changes of the cervix, of the vagina and the external genitals and they can lead even to cancer.
According to the experts cervical cancer vaccination is the only way how to make women safe from this disease. The vaccine protects from two papilomavirus types causing up to 70 per cent of all the cases of the cervical cancer. In no cases it, however, does not substitute regular gynaecological check-up with taking of cytological cervical smear.
HPV vaccination is determined for the girls from nine years of age upwards. The age of 26 years is stipulated as a limit for the vaccination. In the ideal case the vaccination is to be performed before the girl starts her sexual life. It is even recommended to young men who have not had the first intercourse, yet (otherwise, later on they can become carrierers of this virus).
The vaccination is applied with an injection in 3 shots in to the the arm muscle. On the agreed date, 2 months after the first shot and 6 months after the first shot (scheme 0-2-6). The vaccination data are put down in the vaccination card. If an alternative scheme is needed, the 2nd shot must be given at least 1 month after the first one and the 3rd shot at least 3 months after the second one. All three shots must be injected during one year.
Side vaccination effects are mostly very mild – usually some arm sensitivity and pain, only or a mild reddening in the injection spot. As an exemption some rash, itching, nausea, weakness or spasms can occure, however, they disappear in few hours. The frequency of such undesirable effects after the HPV vaccination are in accordance with the clinical studies comparable with the incidence of a group of womens group, which were given a placebo. These vaccines are ones of the safest available preparations.
For the HPV vaccination you can book in advance on the phone
). The vaccine with the application is available at the cost of CZK 3800,-
per one shot. At the time of the application you should not be cold or ill in another way or you should not have started other vaccinations (encephalitidis, hepatitis and the like). The recommended distance is at least one month after the last application.